Nonviral gene vector formation in monodispersed picolitre incubator for consistent gene delivery

Albert Tsung Hsi Hsieh, Nicole Hori, Rustin Massoudi, Patrick Jen Hao Pan, Hirotaka Sasaki, Yuh Adam Lin, Abraham P. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


A novel picolitre incubator based microfluidic system for consistent nonviral gene carrier formulation is presented. A cationic lipid-based carrier is the most attractive nonviral solution for delivering plasmid DNA, shRNA, or drugs for pharmaceutical research and RNAi applications. The size of the cationic lipid and DNA complex (CL-DNA), or the lipoplex, is one of the important variations for consistency of gene transfection. CL-DNA size, in turn, may be controlled by factors such as the cationic lipid and DNA mixing order, mixing rate, and mixture incubation time. The Picolitre Microfluidic Reactor and Incubator (PMRI) system described here is able to control these parameters in order to create homogeneous CL-DNA. Compared with conventional CL-DNA preparation techniques involving hand-shaking or vortexing, the PMRI system demonstrates a greater ability to constantly and uniformly mix cationic lipids and DNA simultaneously. After mixing in the picolitre droplet reactors, the cationic lipid and DNA is incubated within the picolitre incubator to form CL-DNA. The PMRI generates a narrower size distribution band, while also turning the sample loading, mixing and incubation steps into an integrated process enabling the consistent formation of CL-DNA. The coefficient of variation (CV) of transfection efficiency is 0.05 and 0.30 for PMRI-based and conventional methods, respectively. In addition, this paper demonstrates that the gene transfection efficiency of lipoplex created in the PMRI is more reproducible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2638-2643
Number of pages6
JournalLab on a Chip
Issue number18
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Bioengineering
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Nonviral gene vector formation in monodispersed picolitre incubator for consistent gene delivery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this