Notes, outline and divergence times of Basidiomycota

Mao Qiang He, Rui Lin Zhao*, Kevin D. Hyde, Dominik Begerow, Martin Kemler, Andrey Yurkov, Eric H.C. McKenzie, Olivier Raspé, Makoto Kakishima, Santiago Sánchez-Ramírez, Else C. Vellinga, Roy Halling, Viktor Papp, Ivan V. Zmitrovich, Bart Buyck, Damien Ertz, Nalin N. Wijayawardene, Bao Kai Cui, Nathan Schoutteten, Xin Zhan LiuTai Hui Li, Yi Jian Yao, Xin Yu Zhu, An Qi Liu, Guo Jie Li, Ming Zhe Zhang, Zhi Lin Ling, Bin Cao, Vladimír Antonín, Teun Boekhout, Bianca Denise Barbosa da Silva, Eske De Crop, Cony Decock, Bálint Dima, Arun Kumar Dutta, Jack W. Fell, József Geml, Masoomeh Ghobad-Nejhad, Admir J. Giachini, Tatiana B. Gibertoni, Sergio P. Gorjón, Danny Haelewaters, Shuang Hui He, Brendan P. Hodkinson, Egon Horak, Tamotsu Hoshino, Alfredo Justo, Young Woon Lim, Nelson Menolli, Armin Mešić, Jean Marc Moncalvo, Gregory M. Mueller, László G. Nagy, R. Henrik Nilsson, Machiel Noordeloos, Jorinde Nuytinck, Takamichi Orihara, Cheewangkoon Ratchadawan, Mario Rajchenberg, Alexandre G.S. Silva-Filho, Marcelo Aloisio Sulzbacher, Zdenko Tkalčec, Ricardo Valenzuela, Annemieke Verbeken, Alfredo Vizzini, Felipe Wartchow, Tie Zheng Wei, Michael Weiß, Chang Lin Zhao, Paul M. Kirk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

213 Scopus citations


The Basidiomycota constitutes a major phylum of the kingdom Fungi and is second in species numbers to the Ascomycota. The present work provides an overview of all validly published, currently used basidiomycete genera to date in a single document. An outline of all genera of Basidiomycota is provided, which includes 1928 currently used genera names, with 1263 synonyms, which are distributed in 241 families, 68 orders, 18 classes and four subphyla. We provide brief notes for each accepted genus including information on classification, number of accepted species, type species, life mode, habitat, distribution, and sequence information. Furthermore, three phylogenetic analyses with combined LSU, SSU, 5.8s, rpb1, rpb2, and ef1 datasets for the subphyla Agaricomycotina, Pucciniomycotina and Ustilaginomycotina are conducted, respectively. Divergence time estimates are provided to the family level with 632 species from 62 orders, 168 families and 605 genera. Our study indicates that the divergence times of the subphyla in Basidiomycota are 406–430 Mya, classes are 211–383 Mya, and orders are 99–323 Mya, which are largely consistent with previous studies. In this study, all phylogenetically supported families were dated, with the families of Agaricomycotina diverging from 27–178 Mya, Pucciniomycotina from 85–222 Mya, and Ustilaginomycotina from 79–177 Mya. Divergence times as additional criterion in ranking provide additional evidence to resolve taxonomic problems in the Basidiomycota taxonomic system, and also provide a better understanding of theirphylogeny and evolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-367
Number of pages263
JournalFungal Diversity
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Classification
  • Fungi
  • Molecular clock
  • Systematics
  • Taxonomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology


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