This work demonstrates a new class of magnetic resonance (MR) active aqueous Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticle nanoassemblies (Fe3O4 MNNA) of ∼40 nm size comprising ∼6 nm particles. They exhibit enhancement in T2 MR contrast as compared to 6 nm isolated counterparts (Fe3O4 MNP) and commercial contrast agent, ferumoxytol. This significant improvement in the T2 MR signal arises from the synergistic magnetism of multiple Fe3O 4 nanoparticles assembled in Fe3O4 MNNA. These nanoassemblies also show better colloidal stability, higher magnetization, good specific absorption rate (under external AC magnetic field) and cytocompatibility with cells. Further, the functional groups (-NH2) present on the surface of Fe3O4 particles can be accessible for routine conjugation of biomolecules through well-developed bioconjugation chemistry. Specifically, a new MR active colloidal amine-functionalized Fe3O4 nanoassembly with enhanced T2 contrast properties has been fabricated, which can also be used as an effective heating source for hyperthermia treatment of cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry