Imaging is one of the key elements in the diagnosis and management of ocular diseases. This is particularly true of retinal conditions. In this review we discuss novel imaging modalities such as optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA), choroidal optical coherence tomography (OCT), anterior chamber OCT, as well as widefield imaging modalities and fundus autofluorescence. We describe the advantages and shortcomings of these imaging modalities in comparison to the more traditional ones, as well as some common pitfalls. We also provide examples of how these newer imaging methods can aid clinicians in their decision making, and provide novel insights into disease pathogenesis.
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