Novel role of p66shc in ROS-dependent VEGF signaling and angiogenesis in endothelial cells

Jin Oshikawa*, Seok Jo Kim, Eiji Furuta, Cristiana Caliceti, Gin Fu Chen, Ronald D. McKinney, Frank Kuhr, Irena Levitan, Tohru Fukai, Masuko Ushio-Fukai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

A longevity adaptor protein, is demonstrated as a key regulator of reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolism involved in aging and cardiovascular diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulates endothe-lial cell (EC) migration and proliferation primarily through the VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2). We have shown that ROS derived from Rac1-dependent NADPH oxidase are involved in VEGFR2 autophosphor-ylation and angiogenic-related responses in ECs. However, a role of p66Shc in VEGF signaling and physiological responses in ECs is unknown. Here we show that VEGF promotes p66Shc phosphoryla-tion at Ser36 through the JNK/ERK or PKC pathway as well as Rac1 binding to a nonphosphorylated form of p66Shc in ECs. Depletion of endogenous p66Shc with short interfering RNA inhibits VEGF-induced Rac1 activity and ROS production. Fractionation of caveolin-enriched lipid raft demonstrates that p66Shc plays a critical role in VEGFR2 phosphorylation in caveolae/lipid rafts as well as downstream p38MAP kinase activation. This in turn stimulates VEGF-induced EC migration, proliferation, and capillary-like tube formation. These studies uncover a novel role of p66Shc as a positive regulator for ROS-dependent VEGFR2 signaling linked to angiogen-esis in ECs and suggest p66Shc as a potential therapeutic target for various angiogenesis-dependent diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H724-H732
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume302
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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