Novel soy protein scaffolds for tissue regeneration: Material characterization and interaction with human mesenchymal stem cells

Karen B. Chien, Ramille N. Shah*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Soy protein modified with heat treatment and enzyme crosslinking using transglutaminase in maltodextrin was used to fabricate novel, porous three-dimensional scaffolds through lyophilization. Physical properties of scaffolds were characterized using scanning electron microscopy, mercury intrusion porosimetry, moisture content analysis and mechanical testing. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) were seeded and cultured in vitro on the scaffolds for up to 2 weeks, and changes in stem cell growth and morphology were examined. The resulting scaffolds had rough surfaces, irregular pores with size distributions between 10 and 125 μm, <5% moisture content and compressive moduli ranging between 50 and 100 Pa. Enzyme treatment significantly lowered the moisture content. Increasing amounts of applied enzyme units lowered the median pore size. Although enzyme treatment did not affect the mechanical properties of the scaffolds, it did increase the degradation time by at least 1 week. These changes in scaffold degradation altered the growth and morphology of seeded hMSC. Cell proliferation was observed in scaffolds containing 3% soy protein isolate treated with 1 U of transglutaminase. These results demonstrate that controlling scaffold degradation rates is crucial for optimizing hMSC growth on soy protein scaffolds and that soy protein scaffolds have the potential to be used in tissue engineering applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)694-703
Number of pages10
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

Keywords

  • Degradation
  • Scaffold
  • Soy protein
  • Stem cell
  • Transglutaminase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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