Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a progressive disease of the pulmonary vasculature associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite significant advances in the past 2 decades with the development of pharmacological therapies to target key molecular pathways of PAH, there remains an ongoing need for novel technologies and devices for diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment to improve PAH outcomes. The advent of sophisticated imaging tools, including cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, and speckle tracking echocardiography, offer novel opportunities for advanced, noninvasive assessment of right ventricular function, the most powerful predictor of death in patients with PAH. Noninvasive cardiac output monitors and implantable hemodynamic sensors are among the additional promising novel technologies that might offerdaily access to hemodynamic data to influence clinical decision-making and potentially improve outcomes. Percutaneous interventional therapeutics might offer a nonpharmacological treatment option in select patients with PAH, ranging from the percutaneous creation of right to left shunts, pulmonary artery denervation, and right ventricular pacing. Finally, mechanical circulatory support with durable ventricular assist devices offers hope to one day provide a realistic strategy to treat life-threatening right ventricular failure in PAH. Future clinical trials and carefully designed prospective observational studies will be needed to evaluate the full potential of many of these novel devices and technologies for monitoring and treating PAH.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine