Guidelines are provided for prescribing nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) pre- and postoperatively for arthritis patients. Most NSAIDs impair platelet aggregation and prolong bleeding time, increasing the risk of complications during and immediately following surgery; thus, the effects of individual NSAIDs must be considered prior to surgery. Postoperative treatment issues that must be considered include gastrointestinal safety, renal and hepatic safety, safety in the elderly, and efficacy of various NSAIDs. Various strategies to improve gastrointestinal safety, including use of NSAIDs with low ulcerogenic potential such as nabumetone, low-dose ibuprofen, and etodolac, are discussed. As all NSAIDs can reduce pain and inflammation, selection of a particular NSAID should be based on careful consideration of pharmacologic and clinical differences.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - May 1995|