Nuclear import of Cubitus interruptus is regulated by Hedgehog via a mechanism distinct from Ci stabilization and Ci activation

Q. Tian Wang, Robert A. Holmgren*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Hedgehog (Hh) signal is transduced via Cubitus interruptus (Ci) to specify cell fates in the Drosophila wing. In the absence of Hh, the 155 kDa full-length form of Ci is cleaved into a 75 kDa repressor. Hh inhibits the proteolysis of full-length Ci and facilitates its conversion into an activator. Recently, it has been suggested that Hh promotes Ci nuclear import in tissue culture cells. We have studied the mechanism of Ci nuclear import in vivo and the relationship between nuclear import, stabilization and activation. We found that Ci rapidly translocates to the nucleus in cells close to the anteroposterior (AP) boundary and this rapid nuclear import requires Hh signaling. The nuclear import of Ci is regulated by Hh even under conditions in which Ci is fully stabilized. Furthermore, cells that exhibit Ci stabilization and rapid nuclear import do not necessarily exhibit maximal Ci activity. It has been previously shown that stabilization does not suffice for activation. Consistent with this finding, our results suggest that the mechanisms regulating nuclear import, stabilization and activation are distinct from each other. Finally, we show that cos2 and pka, two molecules that have been characterized primarily as negative regulators of Ci activity, also have positive roles in the activation of Ci in response to Hh.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3131-3139
Number of pages9
JournalDevelopment
Volume127
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 2000

Keywords

  • Activation
  • Costal-2
  • Cubitus interruptus
  • Drosophila melanogaster
  • Hedgehog
  • Nuclear import
  • Signaling pathway
  • fu
  • pka

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Developmental Biology

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