Nucleation of nanometer-scale electrocatalyst particles in solid oxide fuel cell anodes

B. D. Madsen, W. Kobsiriphat, Y. Wang, L. D. Marks, S. A. Barnett*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Scopus citations

Abstract

This letter describes a method for forming Ru nanoclusters on oxide anode surfaces during the initial stages of solid oxide fuel cell operation, yielding improved anode performance without additional processing steps. Transmission electron microscope and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy observations showed that Ru nanoclusters precipitated onto La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.82Ru0.18O3-δ surfaces after exposure to hydrogen at 800 °C, with Ru cluster size stabilizing at ≤5 nm for the longest times tested, ∼300 h. Solid oxide fuel cell tests were done in humidified hydrogen at 800 °C with La0.8Sr0.2Cr0.82Ru0.18O3-δ-GDC (GDC = Gd-doped ceria) anodes on LSGM electrolyte-supported cells. Cell power density increased over the first ∼50 h of cell operation from ∼200 to 400 mW cm-2 due to an anode polarization resistance decrease from ∼0.6 to <0.2 Ω cm2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-67
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume166
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 30 2007

Keywords

  • Catalyst
  • Lanthanum chromite
  • Nanoparticle
  • Ruthenium
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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