Nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of polypyrimidine tract-binding protein is uncoupled from RNA export

R. V. Kamath, D. J. Leary, S. Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polypyrimidine tract binding protein, PTB/hnRNP I, is involved in pre-mRNA processing in the nucleus and RNA localization and translation in the cytoplasm. In this report, we demonstrate that PTB shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm in an energy-dependent manner. Deletion mutagenesis demonstrated that a minimum of the N terminus and RNA recognition motifs (RRMs) 1 and 2 are necessary for nucleocytoplasmic shuttling. Deletion of RRM3 and 4, domains that are primarily responsible for RNA binding, accelerated the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of PTB. Inhibition of transcription directed by either RNA polymerase II alone or all RNA polymerases yielded similar results. In contrast, selective inhibition of RNA polymerase I did not influence the shuttling kinetics of PTB. Furthermore, the intranuclear mobility of GFP-PTB, as measured by fluorescence recovery after photobleaching analyses, increased significantly in transcriptionally inactive cells compared with transcriptionally active cells. These observations demonstrate that nuclear RNA transcription and export are not necessary for the shuttling of PTB. In addition, binding to nascent RNAs transcribed by RNA polymerase II and/or III retards both the nuclear export and nucleoplasmic movement of PTB. The uncoupling of PTB shuttling and RNA export suggests that the nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of PTB may also play a regulatory role for its functions in the nucleus and cytoplasm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3808-3820
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume12
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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