Number of epilepsy surgeries has decreased despite an increase in pre-surgical evaluations at a tertiary pediatric epilepsy center in Ontario

Omar Yossofzai, Asthik Biswas, Rahim Moineddin, George M. Ibrahim, James Rutka, Elizabeth Donner, Carter Snead, Nicholas Mitsakakis, Elysa Widjaja*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: A recent U.S. study reported that the number of epilepsy surgeries has remained stable or declined in recent years despite an increase in pre-surgical evaluation. This study aimed to evaluate trends in pre-surgical evaluation and epilepsy surgery from 2001 to 2019 and to determine whether these trends have changed in the later period (2014–2019) compared to earlier period (2001–2013). Methods: This study evaluated trends in pre-surgical evaluation and epilepsy surgery at a tertiary pediatric epilepsy center. Children with drug resistant epilepsy who were evaluated for surgery were included. Clinical data, reasons for not undergoing surgery, and surgical characteristics of surgery patients were collected. Overall trends and trends in later period compared to earlier period for pre-surgical evaluation and epilepsy surgery were assessed. Results: There were 1151 children who were evaluated for epilepsy surgery and 546 underwent surgery. There was an upward trend in pre-surgical evaluation in the earlier period (rate ratio [RR]=1.04 (95%CI:1.02–1.07), p<0.001) and the trajectory of presurgical evaluation in the later period was not significantly different to the earlier period (RR=1.00 [95%CI:0.95–1.06], p = 0.88). Among the reasons for not undergoing surgery, failure to localize the seizures occurred more frequently in later period than earlier period (22.6% vs. 17.1% respectively, p = 0.024). For number of surgeries, there was an upward trend between 2001 and 2013 (RR=1.08 [95%CI:1.05–1.11], p<0.001), and a decreasing trend in the later period compared to earlier period (RR=0.91 [95%CI:0.84–0.99], p = 0.029). Conclusion: Despite an increasing trend in pre-surgical evaluation, there was a decreasing trend in the number of epilepsy surgery in the later period as there was a larger proportion of patients in whom the seizures could not be localized. Trends in presurgical evaluation and epilepsy surgery will continue to evolve with introduction of technologies such as stereo-EEG and minimally invasive laser therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalSeizure
Volume108
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Drug resistant epilepsy
  • Epilepsy trends
  • Pediatric epilepsy surgery
  • Presurgical evaluation
  • Seizure outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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