Numerical analysis of waveguide-enhanced optical bistability

G. Wang*, G. C. Spalding, R. Huang, L. Luan, J. B. Ketterson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We present the results of a simulation study of a multilayer structure for which strongly enhanced (resonant) electric fields are produced at the surface of, and in the interior of, a planar waveguide which is evanescently coupled to an incoming beam in a prism geometry. The resulting field enhancements can far exceed those associated with the well-known surface plasmon resonance in a typical silver film excited in the conventional attenuated total reflection geometry. Simulations are performed for optical bistability for the case of a typical YAG laser beam coupled to a zinc oxide (ZnO) waveguide, demonstrating that the effect should occur for reasonable values of the parameters involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1357-1366
Number of pages10
JournalOptical and Quantum Electronics
Issue number15
StatePublished - Dec 2003


  • Kerr effect
  • Multilayer
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Optical bistability
  • Waveguide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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