Numerical modelingofvortex structures underabroken solitary wave using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics method

Rozita Jalali Farahani, Robert A. Dalrymple

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Water wave breaking and the resulting surf-zone turbulence play a role in sediment transport, wave damping, and mixing processes. The vortex structures associated with wave breaking carry large amount of turbulent momentum and turbulent kinetic energy and therefore have a crucial effect on the safety of vessels and structures located in the surf zone. In this study, turbulent vortical structures under a broken solitary wave is studied using a three-dimensional Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method. A broken solitary wave is of interest since the generation and evolution of the three-dimensional vortex structures under a broken wave can be isolated from the case of a periodic wave train, which has undertow and residual turbulence induced from previously broken waves. Further, a solitary wave is a first approximation to a tsunami wave. The numerical model predicts water surface evolution very well in comparison with the experimental results of Ting (2006). The numerical results show organized coherent structures trailing the wave and characterized by reversed horseshoe (hairpin) vortices, traveling downward, which appear to be the previously found obliquely descending eddies. These horseshoe coherent structures transport momentum and turbulent kinetic energy downward into the water column and likely have a significant role in bed and beach erosion. Different terms of vorticity equations are studied and it is concluded that vortex stretching and vortex bending play an important role on the generation and evolution of reversed horseshoe structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Volume2014-January
ISBN (Electronic)9780989661126
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014 - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: Jun 15 2014Jun 20 2014

Other

Other34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014
CountryKorea, Republic of
CitySeoul
Period6/15/146/20/14

Keywords

  • Obliquely descending eddies
  • Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics
  • Solitary wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Oceanography

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    Farahani, R. J., & Dalrymple, R. A. (2014). Numerical modelingofvortex structures underabroken solitary wave using Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics method. In Proceedings of the 34th International Conference on Coastal Engineering, ICCE 2014 (Vol. 2014-January). American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).