NuSTEC White Paper

Status and challenges of neutrino–nucleus scattering

L. Alvarez-Ruso, M. Sajjad Athar, M. B. Barbaro, D. Cherdack, M. E. Christy, P. Coloma, T. W. Donnelly, S. Dytman, Andre Luiz De Gouvea, R. J. Hill, P. Huber, N. Jachowicz, T. Katori, A. S. Kronfeld, K. Mahn, M. Martini, J. G. Morfín*, J. Nieves, G. N. Perdue, R. Petti & 5 others D. G. Richards, F. Sánchez, T. Sato, J. T. Sobczyk, G. P. Zeller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The precise measurement of neutrino properties is among the highest priorities in fundamental particle physics, involving many experiments worldwide. Since the experiments rely on the interactions of neutrinos with bound nucleons inside atomic nuclei, the planned advances in the scope and precision of these experiments require a commensurate effort in the understanding and modeling of the hadronic and nuclear physics of these interactions, which is incorporated as a nuclear model in neutrino event generators. This model is essential to every phase of experimental analyses and its theoretical uncertainties play an important role in interpreting every result. In this White Paper we discuss in detail the impact of neutrino–nucleus interactions, especially the nuclear effects, on the measurement of neutrino properties using the determination of oscillation parameters as a central example. After an Executive Summary and a concise Overview of the issues, we explain how the neutrino event generators work, what can be learned from electron–nucleus interactions and how each underlying physics process – from quasi-elastic to deep inelastic scattering – is understood today. We then emphasize how our understanding must improve to meet the demands of future experiments. With every topic we find that the challenges can be met only with the active support and collaboration among specialists in strong interactions and electroweak physics that include theorists and experimentalists from both the nuclear and high energy physics communities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-68
Number of pages68
JournalProgress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
Volume100
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Fingerprint

neutrinos
physics
scattering
generators
interactions
nuclear models
nuclear physics
nuclear energy
nucleons
inelastic scattering
oscillations
nuclei
energy

Keywords

  • Model
  • Neutrino
  • Nuclear
  • Nucleus
  • Oscillations
  • Scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Alvarez-Ruso, L., Sajjad Athar, M., Barbaro, M. B., Cherdack, D., Christy, M. E., Coloma, P., ... Zeller, G. P. (2018). NuSTEC White Paper: Status and challenges of neutrino–nucleus scattering. Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, 100, 1-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2018.01.006
Alvarez-Ruso, L. ; Sajjad Athar, M. ; Barbaro, M. B. ; Cherdack, D. ; Christy, M. E. ; Coloma, P. ; Donnelly, T. W. ; Dytman, S. ; De Gouvea, Andre Luiz ; Hill, R. J. ; Huber, P. ; Jachowicz, N. ; Katori, T. ; Kronfeld, A. S. ; Mahn, K. ; Martini, M. ; Morfín, J. G. ; Nieves, J. ; Perdue, G. N. ; Petti, R. ; Richards, D. G. ; Sánchez, F. ; Sato, T. ; Sobczyk, J. T. ; Zeller, G. P. / NuSTEC White Paper : Status and challenges of neutrino–nucleus scattering. In: Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics. 2018 ; Vol. 100. pp. 1-68.
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Alvarez-Ruso, L, Sajjad Athar, M, Barbaro, MB, Cherdack, D, Christy, ME, Coloma, P, Donnelly, TW, Dytman, S, De Gouvea, AL, Hill, RJ, Huber, P, Jachowicz, N, Katori, T, Kronfeld, AS, Mahn, K, Martini, M, Morfín, JG, Nieves, J, Perdue, GN, Petti, R, Richards, DG, Sánchez, F, Sato, T, Sobczyk, JT & Zeller, GP 2018, 'NuSTEC White Paper: Status and challenges of neutrino–nucleus scattering', Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, vol. 100, pp. 1-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2018.01.006

NuSTEC White Paper : Status and challenges of neutrino–nucleus scattering. / Alvarez-Ruso, L.; Sajjad Athar, M.; Barbaro, M. B.; Cherdack, D.; Christy, M. E.; Coloma, P.; Donnelly, T. W.; Dytman, S.; De Gouvea, Andre Luiz; Hill, R. J.; Huber, P.; Jachowicz, N.; Katori, T.; Kronfeld, A. S.; Mahn, K.; Martini, M.; Morfín, J. G.; Nieves, J.; Perdue, G. N.; Petti, R.; Richards, D. G.; Sánchez, F.; Sato, T.; Sobczyk, J. T.; Zeller, G. P.

In: Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, Vol. 100, 01.05.2018, p. 1-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - NuSTEC White Paper

T2 - Status and challenges of neutrino–nucleus scattering

AU - Alvarez-Ruso, L.

AU - Sajjad Athar, M.

AU - Barbaro, M. B.

AU - Cherdack, D.

AU - Christy, M. E.

AU - Coloma, P.

AU - Donnelly, T. W.

AU - Dytman, S.

AU - De Gouvea, Andre Luiz

AU - Hill, R. J.

AU - Huber, P.

AU - Jachowicz, N.

AU - Katori, T.

AU - Kronfeld, A. S.

AU - Mahn, K.

AU - Martini, M.

AU - Morfín, J. G.

AU - Nieves, J.

AU - Perdue, G. N.

AU - Petti, R.

AU - Richards, D. G.

AU - Sánchez, F.

AU - Sato, T.

AU - Sobczyk, J. T.

AU - Zeller, G. P.

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - The precise measurement of neutrino properties is among the highest priorities in fundamental particle physics, involving many experiments worldwide. Since the experiments rely on the interactions of neutrinos with bound nucleons inside atomic nuclei, the planned advances in the scope and precision of these experiments require a commensurate effort in the understanding and modeling of the hadronic and nuclear physics of these interactions, which is incorporated as a nuclear model in neutrino event generators. This model is essential to every phase of experimental analyses and its theoretical uncertainties play an important role in interpreting every result. In this White Paper we discuss in detail the impact of neutrino–nucleus interactions, especially the nuclear effects, on the measurement of neutrino properties using the determination of oscillation parameters as a central example. After an Executive Summary and a concise Overview of the issues, we explain how the neutrino event generators work, what can be learned from electron–nucleus interactions and how each underlying physics process – from quasi-elastic to deep inelastic scattering – is understood today. We then emphasize how our understanding must improve to meet the demands of future experiments. With every topic we find that the challenges can be met only with the active support and collaboration among specialists in strong interactions and electroweak physics that include theorists and experimentalists from both the nuclear and high energy physics communities.

AB - The precise measurement of neutrino properties is among the highest priorities in fundamental particle physics, involving many experiments worldwide. Since the experiments rely on the interactions of neutrinos with bound nucleons inside atomic nuclei, the planned advances in the scope and precision of these experiments require a commensurate effort in the understanding and modeling of the hadronic and nuclear physics of these interactions, which is incorporated as a nuclear model in neutrino event generators. This model is essential to every phase of experimental analyses and its theoretical uncertainties play an important role in interpreting every result. In this White Paper we discuss in detail the impact of neutrino–nucleus interactions, especially the nuclear effects, on the measurement of neutrino properties using the determination of oscillation parameters as a central example. After an Executive Summary and a concise Overview of the issues, we explain how the neutrino event generators work, what can be learned from electron–nucleus interactions and how each underlying physics process – from quasi-elastic to deep inelastic scattering – is understood today. We then emphasize how our understanding must improve to meet the demands of future experiments. With every topic we find that the challenges can be met only with the active support and collaboration among specialists in strong interactions and electroweak physics that include theorists and experimentalists from both the nuclear and high energy physics communities.

KW - Model

KW - Neutrino

KW - Nuclear

KW - Nucleus

KW - Oscillations

KW - Scattering

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Alvarez-Ruso L, Sajjad Athar M, Barbaro MB, Cherdack D, Christy ME, Coloma P et al. NuSTEC White Paper: Status and challenges of neutrino–nucleus scattering. Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics. 2018 May 1;100:1-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2018.01.006