Nutrition training in graduate medical (residency) education: A survey of selected training programs(1-4)

Roland L. Weinsier, John R. Boker, C. Michael Brooks, Robert F. Kushner, A. Kenneth Olson, David A. Mark, Sachiko T. St Jeor, Virginia A. Stallings, Myron Winick, David Heber, Willard J. Visek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Because limited information exists about nutrition training of residents, we studied the teaching practices of nationally recognized nutrition programs. Two hundred thirty-eight nutrition educators and 787 residency-program directors identified 160 institutions with strong nutrition training. The 23 highest-ranked programs were surveyed and 7 were visited. The The results showed that 1) clinically active physician-nutritionist role models are the key elements in teaching residents clinical nutrition; 2) multidisciplinary nutrition support teams are valuable learning resources unless they function primarily as technical support services; 3) nutrition elective rotations, although highly effective, are taken by a minority of residents; 4) the nutrition curriculum should include practical learning materials and conferences; and 5) a research environment is important to attract qualified physician-nutritionist role models. A major deficit is teaching nutritionally based approaches to disease prevention in the ambulatory setting. Finally, a shortage of nutrition-oritented physician role models is probably the major constraint in teaching nutrition to residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)957-962
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume54
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • Clinical-nutrition training
  • Graduate medical education
  • Residency training
  • nutrition education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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