Nutritional support in patients with chronic liver disease

Anne S Henkel, Alan L. Buchman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Malnutrition is highly prevalent among patients with chronic liver disease and is nearly universal among patients awaiting liver transplantation. Malnutrition in patients with cirrhosis leads to increased morbidity and mortality rates. Furthermore, patients who are severely malnourished before transplant surgery have a higher rate of complications and a decreased overall survival rate after liver transplantation. In light of the high incidence of malnutrition among patients with chronic liver disease and the complications that result from malnutrition in these patients, it is essential to assess the nutritional status of all patients with liver disease, and to initiate treatment as indicated. This review addresses the etiologies of malnutrition, methods used to assess nutritional status, and appropriate treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-209
Number of pages8
JournalNature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2006

Keywords

  • Cirrhosis
  • Liver disease
  • Nutrient deficiency
  • Nutritional status
  • Protein-calorie malnutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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