Nutritional support of the obese patient

Julie L. Roth, Robert F. Kushner*, Eden Bateman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Overweight and obesity is the most common chronic disease in the United States and is associated with an increased risk for morbidity and mortality. For the hospitalized patient, the mechanical, metabolic, and inflammatory physiologic changes induced by obesity necessitate additional considerations for care. Calculation of nutritional requirements is problematic and challenging due to difficulty in measuring body composition and energy expenditure. Provision of selective hypocaloric feeding in this population may be particularly beneficial in reducing complications of hyperglycemia, fluid overload, and reduction in fat mass. Clinical care should incorporate a team approach that addresses the special nutritional and metabolic needs of this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent gastroenterology reports
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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