Obesity in older adults: Technical review and position statement of the American Society for Nutrition and NAASO, The Obesity Society

Dennis T. Villareal, Caroline M. Apovian, Robert F. Kushner, Samuel Klein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

487 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obesity causes serious medical complications and impairs quality of life. Moreover, in older persons, obesity can exacerbate the age-related decline in physical function and lead to frailty. However, appropriate treatment for obesity in older persons is controversial because of the reduction in relative health risks associated with increasing body mass index and the concern that weight loss could have potential harmful effects in the older population. This joint position statement from the American Society for Nutrition and the NAASO, The Obesity Society reviews the clinical issues related to obesity in older persons and provides health professionals with appropriate weight-management guidelines for obese older patients. The current data show that weight-loss therapy improves physical function, quality of life, and the medical complications associated with obesity in older persons. Therefore, weight-loss therapy that minimizes muscle and bone losses is recommended for older persons who are obese and who have functional impairments or medical complications that can benefit from weight loss.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)923-934
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume82
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Obesity
  • Older adults
  • Physical function
  • Weight-loss therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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