Object motion sensitivity

Gregory William Schwartz*, David Swygart

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Motion is ubiquitous in vision, but there is a fundamental dichotomy in its source with important behavioral implications. Some motion on the retina is caused by self-motion of the eyes, head, or body, and other motion on the retina represents the actual movement of objects in the visual scene. Distinguishing between self and object motion is required for visually guided navigation through the world, recognizing the movements of predators and prey, and segmentation of objects. This chapter explores the retinal basis of a computation called object motion sensitivity that enables moving objects to be identified against a background of other retinal motion from both the world and ourselves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRetinal Computation
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)9780128198964
StatePublished - Aug 17 2021


  • Circuit mechanism
  • Differential motion
  • Eye movements
  • Fixational eye movements
  • Global motion
  • HD RGCs
  • Motion
  • Moving objects
  • Object motion
  • OMS
  • Saccades
  • Sensory systems
  • TH-2 amacrine cell
  • VGluT3 amacrine cells
  • W3 RGC
  • W3b RGC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine
  • General Neuroscience


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