Observation of ultrahigh critical current densities in high-Tc superconducting bridge constrictions

H. Jiang*, Yonggang Huang, H. How, S. Zhang, C. Vittoria, A. Widom, D. B. Chrisey, J. S. Horwitz, R. Lee

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Narrow bridge structures were precisely fabricated (using novel ion-beam-milling techniques) on pulsed-laser-deposited YBa2Cu3O7 films. The bridges have a length scale down to L500. Supercurrents were observed to flow across the bridge structures with critical current densities up to Jc1.3×109 A/cm2, the highest critical current densities yet reported. The current-density magnitudes are consistent with the Onsager-Feynman vortex-ring-creation mechanism (for producing voltages across narrow constrictions) in the length scale region of L, with the coherence length and the London penetration depth. The highest Jc is in good agreement with the critical depairing mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1785-1788
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume66
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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bridges (structures)
critical current
constrictions
current density
vortex rings
pulsed lasers
penetration
ion beams
electric potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Jiang, H. ; Huang, Yonggang ; How, H. ; Zhang, S. ; Vittoria, C. ; Widom, A. ; Chrisey, D. B. ; Horwitz, J. S. ; Lee, R. / Observation of ultrahigh critical current densities in high-Tc superconducting bridge constrictions. In: Physical review letters. 1991 ; Vol. 66, No. 13. pp. 1785-1788.
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abstract = "Narrow bridge structures were precisely fabricated (using novel ion-beam-milling techniques) on pulsed-laser-deposited YBa2Cu3O7 films. The bridges have a length scale down to L500. Supercurrents were observed to flow across the bridge structures with critical current densities up to Jc1.3×109 A/cm2, the highest critical current densities yet reported. The current-density magnitudes are consistent with the Onsager-Feynman vortex-ring-creation mechanism (for producing voltages across narrow constrictions) in the length scale region of L, with the coherence length and the London penetration depth. The highest Jc is in good agreement with the critical depairing mechanism.",
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Jiang, H, Huang, Y, How, H, Zhang, S, Vittoria, C, Widom, A, Chrisey, DB, Horwitz, JS & Lee, R 1991, 'Observation of ultrahigh critical current densities in high-Tc superconducting bridge constrictions', Physical review letters, vol. 66, no. 13, pp. 1785-1788. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.66.1785

Observation of ultrahigh critical current densities in high-Tc superconducting bridge constrictions. / Jiang, H.; Huang, Yonggang; How, H.; Zhang, S.; Vittoria, C.; Widom, A.; Chrisey, D. B.; Horwitz, J. S.; Lee, R.

In: Physical review letters, Vol. 66, No. 13, 01.01.1991, p. 1785-1788.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Narrow bridge structures were precisely fabricated (using novel ion-beam-milling techniques) on pulsed-laser-deposited YBa2Cu3O7 films. The bridges have a length scale down to L500. Supercurrents were observed to flow across the bridge structures with critical current densities up to Jc1.3×109 A/cm2, the highest critical current densities yet reported. The current-density magnitudes are consistent with the Onsager-Feynman vortex-ring-creation mechanism (for producing voltages across narrow constrictions) in the length scale region of L, with the coherence length and the London penetration depth. The highest Jc is in good agreement with the critical depairing mechanism.

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