Obstructive and restrictive lung disease

Emily L. Wang, Jeffrey Lu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Obstructive lung disease: the two primary obstructive lung diseases often encountered perioperatively are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. COPD: the most common pulmonary disease in the perioperative setting. It is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. Tobacco exposure causes 85% of cases. Definition and classification of COPD: COPD is a chronic lung disease characterized by expiratory airflow limitation, which is progressive over time. The airflow limitation is not fully reversible (in contrast to asthma), and it is associated with abnormal inflammatory response in the lungs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEssential Clinical Anesthesia Review
Subtitle of host publicationKeywords, Questions and Answers for the Boards
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages8-14
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781139584005
ISBN (Print)9781107681309
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Causes of restrictive lung disease
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Definition and classification of COPD
  • Diagnosis of intraoperative bronchospasm
  • Dynamic hyperinflation
  • Emphysema
  • Intraoperative management of COPD
  • Intraoperative management of asthma
  • Obstructive lung disease
  • Pathophysiology of COPD
  • Pathophysiology of asthma
  • Pathophysiology of restrictive lung disease
  • Perioperative care of restrictive lung disease
  • Perioperative risk assessment of COPD
  • Postoperative care of COPD
  • Preoperative optimization of COPD
  • Preoperative optimization of asthma
  • Restrictive lung disease
  • Smoking cessation and COPD
  • Treatment of COPD
  • Treatment of asthma
  • Treatment of restrictive lung diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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