Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Bruxism in Children

Stephen H. Sheldon*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in childhood. Current epidemiologic data have shown that snoring occurs in 7% to as much as 30% of school-aged children. The most common cause of OSA in pediatric patients is hypertrophy of the tonsils or adenoids. Nonetheless, various factors are involved in upper airway obstruction during sleep in children. Craniofacial structure and function of the upper airway musculature are extensively involved in airflow dynamics. Conversely, obstructive upper airway disease can contribute to abnormalities in craniofacial structure and function. This article focuses on differences between upper airway function in children and adults, factors that predispose children to OSA, and treatment options. Bruxism, jaw clenching, and rhythmic mandibular thrusting have been associated with OSA in children, and the frequency and prevalence of these findings are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalSleep Medicine Clinics
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

Keywords

  • Bruxism
  • Children
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Temporalis muscle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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