Obtaining quality extended field-of-view ultrasound images of skeletal muscle to measure muscle fascicle length

Amy N. Adkins, Wendy M. Murray*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Muscle fascicle length, which is commonly measured in vivo using traditional ultrasound, is an important parameter defining a muscle’s force generating capacity. However, over 90% of all upper limb muscles and 85% of all lower limb muscles have optimal fascicle lengths longer than the field-of-view of common traditional ultrasound (T-US) probes. A newer, less frequently adopted method called extended field-of-view ultrasound (EFOV-US) can enable direct measurement of fascicles longer than the field-of-view of a single T-US image. This method, which automatically fits together a sequence of T-US images from a dynamic scan, has been demonstrated to be valid and reliable for obtaining muscle fascicle lengths in vivo. Despite the numerous skeletal muscles with long fascicles and the validity of the EFOV-US method for making measurements of such fascicles, few published studies have utilized this method. In this study, we demonstrate both how to implement the EFOV-US method to obtain high quality musculoskeletal images and how to quantify fascicle lengths from those images. We expect that this demonstration will encourage the use of the EFOV-US method to increase the pool of muscles, both in healthy and impaired populations, for which we have in vivo muscle fascicle length data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere61765
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number166
StatePublished - Dec 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)


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