Occupational Rhinitis

Leslie C. Grammer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Occupational rhinitis (OR) involves nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, nasal itching, and/or sneezing resulting from workplace exposures. OR can have a significant negative effect on quality of life and productivity. OR can be divided into allergic or nonallergic subgroups based on the underlying pathogenesis. Certain occupational exposures place employees at greater risk for developing disease. Primary treatment is avoidance of implicated exposures. Antihistamines, saline rinses, and nasal steroids may be useful. OR can coexist with occupational asthma, and rhinitis symptoms have been reported to precede those of the lower respiratory tract. OR is has both medical and socioeconomic implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)333-341
Number of pages9
JournalImmunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2016


  • Acid anhydrides
  • Allergic occupational rhinitis
  • Flour
  • High molecular weight
  • Laboratory animals
  • Low molecular weight
  • Nonallergic occupational rhinitis
  • Occupational rhinitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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