Occupational Rhinitis: an Update

Whitney W. Stevens, Leslie C. Grammer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Occupational rhinitis is characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, nasal itching, and/or sneezing that occur secondary to exposures in the workplace. This disease can be classified into allergic or nonallergic subgroups based upon the underlying disease pathogenesis as well as the type of causative agent. While the true prevalence of occupational rhinitis is unknown, there are certain professions and occupational exposures that place workers at a higher risk for developing the disease. Additionally, occupational rhinitis can be associated with occupational asthma and upper airway symptoms may precede those of the lower respiratory tract. Taken together, occupational rhinitis is an important disease for study given its medical as well as socioeconomic implications. This review will focus on the classification of occupational rhinitis as well the prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent allergy and asthma reports
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Acid anhydrides
  • Allergic occupational rhinitis
  • Bakers
  • Flour
  • High molecular weight
  • Isocyanates
  • Laboratory animals
  • Low molecular weight
  • Nasal challenge
  • Nonallergic occupational rhinitis
  • Occupational asthma
  • Occupational disease
  • Occupational rhinitis
  • Prevention
  • Rhinitis
  • Skin test
  • Specific IgE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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