Oligarchy and democracy in Indonesia

Jeffrey A Winters*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


Winters examines the impact of oligarchic power on Indonesia's political economy. Defining oligarchs materially, he argues that extreme inequality in wealth among citizens necessarily leads to extreme political inequalities. Central to this approach is the changing politics of wealth defense by oligarchs spanning the Sukarno era, the New Order, and the electoral-democratic period since 1998. He emphasizes that the power of oligarchs in Indonesia is especially dominant and distorting because the country's legal infrastructure is debilitated, and because organization and mobilization among other actors in civil society is weak. Particular attention is paid to oligarchic influence in Indonesia's media.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-33
Number of pages23
Issue number96Special Issue
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science


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