Background: Limited data exists on the effectiveness of the collagen matrix, Ologen, on increasing Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) success in childhood glaucomas. Methods: Ocular examination and surgical details of pediatric patients who underwent AGV placement ± Ologen augmentation between 2012 and 2020. Complete success was defined as intraocular pressure (IOP) between 5 and 20 mmHg without glaucoma medications and additional IOP-lowering surgeries. Qualified success was defined as above, except IOP control maintained with or without glaucoma medications. Results: Twenty-two eyes of 16 patients underwent AGV placement of which 6 eyes had Ologen-augmentation (OAGV) and 16 eyes had conventional surgery (CAGV). Average age was 6.4 ± 5.1 years with 4.2 ± 2.5 follow-up years. There was no difference in age, number of previous surgeries, and preoperative IOP and glaucoma medications. At final follow-up, success rate was 100% (5 eyes complete, 6 eyes qualified) in the OAGV group compared to 31% (0 eyes complete, 5 eyes qualified) in the CAGV group. One and two-year survival rates were 100% for OAGV compared to 62 and 38% for CAGV. Postoperative IOP was significantly lower at 1-month and final follow-up (p = 0.02) as was the number of glaucoma medications at 3, 6, 12-months and final follow-up (p < 0.05) in the OAGV group. Conclusions: Ologen-augmentation increased the success and survival rates of AGVs in childhood glaucomas. Further, Ologen mitigated the hypertensive phase and decreased medication dependency. Longer follow-up with a greater number of eyes is required to fully evaluate the effectiveness of OAGV.
- Ahmed Glaucoma valve
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