Omission as a modern form of bias against Native Peoples: Implications for policies and practices

Stephanie A. Fryberg, J. Doris Dai*, Arianne E. Eason

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The omission of Native Peoples’ existence, experiences, and perspectives is systematic and widespread across numerous societal domains, referred to as Native omission. In mainstream media, for example, less than 0.5% of representations are of contemporary Native Peoples. We theorize that Native omission is a tool furthering settler colonial goals to oppress and eventually erase Native Peoples. To make this case, we will review both experimental and national survey studies that unpack how Native omission shapes psychological processes among non-Native and Native individuals and contribute to discrimination, oppression, and disparities facing Native Peoples. We then discuss ways in which Native Peoples are actively resisting Native omission. Finally, we provide a series of policy recommendations to address Native omission and promote Native equity. By making visible the pernicious consequences of omission for Native Peoples, we chart a path for creating a more equitable future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)148-170
Number of pages23
JournalSocial Issues and Policy Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Applied Psychology


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