The key hurdle to the practical use of as-grown single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) for high performance nanoelectronics is the unavoidable presence of metallic nanotubes with current synthesis methods. We present a simple approach to convert metallic SWNTs to semiconducting ones in situ to improve device field effect behaviour, using an aromatic compound (2-ethylanthraquinone - EAQ) which is a mild radical initiator. We show that the reaction between EAQ-generated radicals and SWNTs is diameter and metallicity dependent; in the medium-diameter regime (0.8 to 1.0 nm), the EAQ-generated radicals preferentially attack the metallic SWNTs over semiconducting ones and convert them to semiconducting, as evidenced by several orders (10 and 10 4) increase in the on/off ratio.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)