On student's 1908 article "the probable error of a mean"

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This month marks the 100th anniversary of the appearance of William Sealey Gosset's celebrated article, "The Probable Error of a Mean" (Student 1908a). Gosset's elegant result represented the first in a series of exact, "small-sample" results that were developed by Gosset, Fisher, and others to form a central component of the modern theory of statistical inference. This review celebrates the centenary of Gosset's article by discussing both its background and its impact on statistical theory and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Statistical Association
Issue number481
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Cushny and peebles experiment
  • Egon pearson
  • Fiducial inference
  • Friedrich robert helmert
  • Physical randomization
  • Robustness
  • Ronald aylmer fisher
  • Student
  • T-distribution
  • William sealy gosset

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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