On the performance evaluation of hybrid and mono-class sensor arrays in selective detection of VOCs: A comparative study

A. K. Srivastava, Vinayak P. Dravid*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using non-selective sensor requires an array of multiplexed sensors followed by pattern recognition approach. Based on this concept, we compare three different approaches for selective detection of ethanol, ammonia, toluene, acetone and chloroform at different concentrations using non-selective sensors which are: (a) an array of sensors operated at a fixed temperature (hybrid class sensors), (b) operating one sensor at different temperatures (mono-class sensors), and (c) operating all sensors in an array at different temperatures (hybrid and mono-class sensors). Contrary to common practice of using sensors with partially overlapping response patterns (hybrid class sensors) in an array, we demonstrate that even one type of sensors (mono-class sensors) operated at different temperatures can be used for the selective detection of VOCs. It is further shown that an array consisting of hybrid and mono-class sensors each operated at different temperatures not only results in approaching 100% classification but also the quantified samples fall within 10% of error, which is an encouraging result.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)244-252
Number of pages9
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume117
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 12 2006

Keywords

  • Gas sensors
  • Hybrid class sensors
  • Mono-class sensors
  • Neural networks (NN)
  • Principal component analysis (PCA)
  • Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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