Gd-doped Ceria (GDC) barrier layers are widely used in solid oxide electrolysis cells to prevent reactions between the Y-stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) electrolyte and oxygen electrode. In some cases, electrolysis operation causes fracture near the GDC/YSZ interface. Here, we explain this effect using a numerical calculation, showing that a peak oxygen pressure is observed near the GDC/YSZ interface during electrolysis operation. Moreover, GDC/YSZ interdiffusion and possible zirconate phase formation occurring during electrode firing yield a low oxygen ion conductivity region that introduces a much higher peak oxygen partial pressure at the interdiffusion layer/YSZ interface, thereby exacerbating degradation. The results indicate that the peak pressure can be reduced and, thereby, damage can be mitigated by altering processing in order to minimize interdiffusion, decreasing the GDC layer thickness, and reducing oxygen electrode polarization resistance or altering electrolyte transport properties, e.g., changing the Gd doping level of GDC to increase the oxygen vacancy diffusivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)