One-year language outcomes in toddlers with language delays: An rct follow-up

Lauren H. Hampton*, Ann P. Kaiser, Megan Y. Roberts

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVES: The current study is a 1-year follow-up analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of Enhanced Milieu Teaching (EMT) for toddlers with language delays. Outcomes and predictors of child language and parent intervention implementation were examined 6 and 12 months after the end of the intervention. METHODS: Toddlers with language delays were recruited from the community, and 97 toddlers and parents were randomly assigned to receive usual community treatments or a 3-month EMT intervention with parent training. Multiple regression analyses were used to estimate the differences between groups at the 6-and 12-month follow-up periods. A subgroup of participants with receptive and expressive language delays was used in a post hoc moderator analysis of treatment outcomes. RESULTS: Children in the treatment arm did not differ from children in the control arm at 6-and 12-month follow-ups. However, post hoc analyses revealed that children with receptiveexpressive language delays were persistently delayed relative to normative performance throughout the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: The immediate effects of the brief delivery of EMT were not sustained over the 1-year follow-up period. However, the short-Term intervention may not have been sufficient for children with receptive-expressive delays to develop typical language abilities, suggesting they may need more intensive early intervention. Although this intervention may not be necessary for all children with primary language delays, future research should determine the extent to which children with receptive-expressive delays may benefit from more intensive intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere20163646
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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