Online chronemics convey social information

Yoram M. Kalman*, Lauren E. Scissors, Alastair J. Gill, Darren Gergle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Chronemic research explores the involvement of time-related messages in communication, and has shown that time is an important component of the message in both traditional and online communication. Social information processing (SIP) theory posits that online communicators exchange social information through chronemic cues. This study points to a gap in SIP theory research, and proceeds to close the gap by demonstrating that changes in socially important attributes are reflected in measurable chronemic changes. A two-person social dilemma online game is used to demonstrate that changes in a simple chronemic variable, interpost pause, reflect differences in the players’ personality (level of extraversion), as well as differences in trust within the dyad. These findings support SIP theory by showing how online chronemics provide cues to important personal and situational information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1260-1269
Number of pages10
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2013


  • Chronemics
  • Computer-mediated communication
  • Social information processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • General Psychology


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