Open aortic repair after prior thoracic endovascular aortic repair

Eric E. Roselli*, Mohamed Abdel-Halim, Douglas R. Johnston, Edward G. Soltesz, Roy K. Greenberg, Lars G. Svensson, Joseph F. Sabik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Background Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has been applied to increasingly complex aortic pathology, resulting in an increase in late complications. We characterized patients undergoing open repair after prior TEVAR including indications, operative techniques, and outcomes. Methods Chart review and query of a prospectively collected database identified 50 patients who underwent thoracic aortic operation after prior TEVAR. Active follow-up was supplemented by Social Security information for vital status. Results From July 2001 to January 2012 open arch (n = 25), descending (n = 6), thoracoabdominal (n = 17), or extra-anatomic bypass (n = 2) operations were performed after previous TEVAR (median interval from TEVAR to open surgical procedure: 13.9 months; interquartile range, 0.5 to 24 months). Indications for open operation included type 1 endoleaks (n = 19), retrograde aortic dissection (n = 9), chronic aortic dissection with persistent growth of the false lumen (n = 16), and graft infection (n = 6). Sixty percent had prior cardiovascular surgical procedures and 18% were done as emergencies. Circulatory support was required in 78% and hypothermic arrest in 48%. Hospital mortality occurred in 3 (6%) patients with no strokes and 1 patient with myocardial infarction; 5 (10%) patients required tracheostomy and 1 required dialysis. Survival was 67% at a median follow-up of 2.9 years. Conclusions Conversion to open repair after thoracic stent-grafting may be indicated for type 1 endoleak, retrograde dissection, chronic aortic dissection with persistent false lumen growth, or graft infection. These salvage operations are complex but can be completed safely with good early outcomes and preservation of the stent-graft in most cases. Late outcomes are consistent with the chronic disease state of these patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)750-756
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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