Open chromatin mapping identifies transcriptional networks regulating human epididymis epithelial function

James A. Browne, Rui Yang, Lingyun Song, Gregory E. Crawford, Shih Hsing Leir, Ann Harris*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The epithelium lining the epididymis in the male reproductive tract maintains a luminal environment that promotes sperm cell maturation. This process is dependent on the coordinated expression of many genes that encode proteins with a role in epithelial transport. We previously generatedgenome-wide maps of open chromatin in primaryhumanepididymis epithelial (HEE) cells to identify potential regulatory elements controlling coordinated gene expression in the epididymis epithelium. Subsequent in silico analysis identified transcription factor-binding sites (TFBS) that were over-represented in the HEE open chromatin, including the motif for paired box 2 (PAX2). PAX2is a critical transcriptional regulator of urogenital tract development, which has been well studied in the kidney but is unexplored in the epididymis.Dueto the limited lifespan of primary HEE cells in culture,we investigated the role of PAX2 in an immortalized HEE cell line (REP). First, REP cellswere evaluated by DNase I digestion followed by high-throughput sequencing and the PAX2-binding motif was again identified as an over-represented TFBS within intergenic open chromatin, though on fewer chromosomes than in the primary HEE cells. To identify PAX2-target genes in REP cells, RNA-seq analysis was performed after siRNA-mediated depletion of PAX2 and compared with that with a non-targeting siRNA. In response to PAX2-represssion, 3135 transcripts were differentially expressed (1333 up-regulated and 1802 down-regulated). Novel PAX2 targets included multiple genes encoding proteins with predicted functions in the epididymis epithelium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1198-1207
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular human reproduction
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014


  • Epididymis epithelium
  • Open chromatin
  • PAX2
  • Transcriptional network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Embryology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology


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