Operationalizing protocol differences for EADC-ADNI manual hippocampal segmentation

Marina Boccardi, Martina Bocchetta, Rossana Ganzola, Nicolas Robitaille, Alberto Redolfi, Simon Duchesne, Clifford R. Jack, Giovanni B. Frisoni*, George Bartzokis, John G. Csernansky, Mony J. De Leon, Leyla Detoledo-Morrell, Ronald J. Killiany, Stephane Lehericy, Nikolai Malykhin, Johannes Pantel, Jens C. Pruessner, Hilkka Soininen, Craig Watson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Hippocampal volumetry on magnetic resonance imaging is recognized as an Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarker, and manual segmentation is the gold standard for measurement. However, a standard procedure is lacking. We operationalize and quantitate landmark differences to help a Delphi panel converge on a set of landmarks. Methods: One hundred percent of anatomic landmark variability across 12 different protocols for manual segmentation was reduced into four segmentation units (the minimum hippocampus, the alveus/ fimbria, the tail, and the subiculum), which were segmented on magnetic resonance images by expert raters to estimate reliability and AD-related atrophy. Results: Intra- And interrater reliability were more than 0.96 and 0.92, respectively, except for the alveus/fimbria, which were 0.86 and 0.77, respectively. Of all AD-related atrophy, the minimum hippocampus contributed to 67%; tail, 24%; alveus/fimbria, 4%; and the subiculum, 5%. Conclusions: Anatomic landmark variability in available protocols can be reduced to four discrete and measurable segmentation units. Their quantitative assessment will help a Delphi panel to define a set of landmarks for a harmonized protocol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-194
Number of pages11
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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