Operative risk of total hip and knee arthroplasty in cirrhotic patients

Stanley Martin Cohen*, Helen S. Te, Josh Levitsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Limited data exist on the safety of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in cirrhotic patients. We retrospectively reviewed outcomes of these procedures in cirrhotic patients and matched controls. Significant adverse outcomes occurred in 20.7% (6 of 29) of cirrhotic patients compared with 3.23% (3 of 93) of controls. No significant differences were seen between the groups for elective TKA or THA. However, 80% (4 of 5) of the cirrhotic patients undergoing emergent THA secondary to fracture had major complications, with a 60% (3 of 5) mortality rate. There was a trend toward worse overall outcome in cirrhotic patients with more advanced liver disease. In conclusion, primary THA or TKA can be safely performed electively in Child's A and B cirrhotic patients. However, emergent THA to repair fractures in cirrhotic patients is associated with significantly increased morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)460-466
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Keywords

  • Child-Pugh score
  • Cirrhosis
  • Total hip arthroplasty
  • Total knee arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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