Opposing functions of the Ets factors NERF and ELF-1 during chicken blood vessel development

John Gaspar, Shelley Thai, Carole Voland, Antoinise Dube, Towia A. Libermann, M. Luisa Iruela-Arispe, Peter Oettgen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Objective - The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of the Ets factor NERF in the regulation of the Tie1 and Tie2 genes during chicken blood vessel development. Methods and Results - We have isolated the full-length cDNA for the chicken homologue of the human Ets factor NERF2 (cNERF2). Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization demonstrate that cNERF2 is enriched in the developing blood vessels of the chicken chorioallantoic membrane. Interestingly, cNERF2 functions as a competitive inhibitor of a highly related Ets factor cELF-1, which we have previously shown to be enriched in chicken blood vessel development. Although in vitro-translated cELF-1 and cNERF2 can bind equally well to conserved Ets binding sites in the promoters of the Tiel and Tie2 genes, cELF-1 preferentially binds to the Ets sites in these promoters during early stages of chicken blood vessel development, suggesting that cNERF may bind during later stages of blood vessel development and vascular remodeling. Conclusions - cNERF2 is enriched during embryonic and extraembryonic blood vessel development in the chicken and facilitates tight control of Tiel and Tie2 gene regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1106-1112
Number of pages7
JournalArteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology
Issue number7
StatePublished - 2002


  • Angiogenesis
  • Endothelium
  • Transcription
  • Vascular biology
  • Vasculogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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