Optic neuritis associated with adalimumab in the treatment of uveitis

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45 Scopus citations


Background: Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors such as adalimumab are increasingly used in the treatment of ocular inflammatory disease refractory to standard therapies. There is evidence that TNF inhibitors are associated with demyelinating neurologic events. Objective: The authors report a case of optic neuritis and multiple sclerosis developing in association with the use of adalimumab for the treatment of bilateral chronic granulomatous iridocyclitis and multifocal choroiditis. They also review the available literature on cases of optic neuritis occurring in the setting of TNF inhibition. Results: The authors identified 21 cases of optic neuritis associated with TNF inhibition; 36% of cases with available MRI results had evidence of other demyelinating lesions in the CNS. Conclusions: The strong association between TNF inhibitors and CNS demyelination may represent an adverse effect of these drugs. Ophthalmologists should recognize the relationship between TNF inhibitors and demyelinating disease, as it can present initially with visual symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-481
Number of pages7
JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2010


  • TNF inhibition
  • adalimumab
  • demyelination
  • multiple sclerosis
  • optic neuritis
  • uveitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Ophthalmology

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