Optical lattices as waveguides and beam splitters for atom interferometry: An analytical treatment and proposal of applications

Timothy Light Kovachy*, Jason M. Hogan, David M.S. Johnson, Mark A. Kasevich

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

We provide an analytical description of the dynamics of an atom in an optical lattice using the method of perturbative adiabatic expansion. A precise understanding of the lattice-atom interaction is essential to taking full advantage of the promising applications that optical lattices offer in the field of atom interferometry. One such application is the implementation of large momentum transfer (LMT) beam splitters that can potentially provide multiple order of magnitude increases in momentum space separations over current technology. We also propose interferometer geometries where optical lattices are used as waveguides for the atoms throughout the duration of the interferometer sequence. Such a technique could simultaneously provide a multiple order of magnitude increase in sensitivity and a multiple order of magnitude decrease in interferometer size for many applications as compared to current state-of-the-art atom interferometers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number013638
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 27 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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