We present a new approach for constructing optical phasespace-time- frequency tomography (OPSTFT) of an optical wave field. This tomography can be measured by using a novel four-window optical imaging system based on two local oscillator fields balanced heterodyne detection. The OPSTFT is a Wigner distribution function of two independent Fourier Transform pairs, i.e., phase-space and time-frequency. From its theoretical and experimental aspects, it can provide information of position, momentum, time and frequency of a spatial light field with precision beyond the uncertainty principle. Besides the distributions of x - p and t -ω, the OPSTFT can provide four other distributions such as x-t, p-t, x-ω and p-ω. We simulate the OPSTFT for a light field obscured by a wire and a single-line absorption filter. We believe that the four-window system can provide spatial and temporal properties of a wave field for quantum image processing and biophotonics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics