Optical second-harmonic generation in sputter-deposited AlN films

G. T. Kiehne*, G. K.L. Wong, J. B. Ketterson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Results of a study of optical second-harmonic (SH) generation in AlN films deposited on borosilicate glass by reactive direct current magnetron sputtering are reported. As determined by x-ray diffraction (XRD). the films were highly c-axis oriented. The transmitted SH signal for film thickness ranging from 340 to 7800 Å was measured. The signal was consistent with the existence of a dead layer (in which no SH was generated) on the film surface with an effective thickness of ∼300 Å. A set of 7800-Å-thick films were deposited at substrate temperatures from ambient to Ts=400°C. For films deposited at 100°C or higher, minimal variation in the SH signal with Ts was found. Values of |d33|=4 pm/V and |d31|=0.04 pm/V, with d33 and d31 having the same sign, were obtained for Ts=400°C. The approximate tilt angle of the optic axis of the films with respect to the substrate surface normal was determined. XRD results showed that the tilt was due to a tilt of the crystallographic texture axis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5922-5927
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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