Optimal left ventricular ejection fraction in risk stratification of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis

Erika Hutt, Maria Vega Brizneda, Ghazaleh Goldar, Jose Aguilera, Tom Kai Ming Wang, Ziad Taimeh, Daniel Culver, Thomas Callahan, W. H.Wilson Tang, Paul C. Cremer, Wael A. Jaber, Manuel L. Ribeiro Neto, Christine L. Jellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Aims Identifying patients with cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) who are at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) poses a clinical challenge. We sought to identify the optimal cutoff for left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in predicting ventricular arrhythmia (VA) and all-cause mortality and to identify clinical and imaging risk factors in patients with known CS. Methods and results This retrospective cohort included 273 patients with well-established CS. The primary endpoint was a composite of VA and all-cause mortality. A modified receiver operating curve analysis was utilized to identify the optimal cutoff for LVEF in predicting the primary composite endpoint. Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors of the outcomes. At median follow-up of 7.9 years, the rate of the primary endpoint was 38% (83 VAs and 32 all-cause deaths). The 5-year overall survival rate was 97%. The optimal cutoff LVEF for the primary composite endpoint was 42% in the entire cohort and in subjects without a history of VA. Younger age, history of VA, lower LVEF, and any presence of scar by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and/or positron emission tomography (PET) were found to be independent risk factors for the primary endpoint and for VA, whereas lower LVEF, baseline NT-proBNP, and any presence of scar were independent risk factor of all-cause mortality. Conclusion Among patients with CS, a mild reduction in LVEF of 42% was identified as the optimal cutoff for predicting VA and all-cause mortality. Prior VA and scar by CMR or PET are strong risk factors for future VA and all-cause mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereuad273
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023


  • Cardiac sarcoidosis
  • ICD shock
  • Multimodality imaging
  • Outcomes
  • Ventricular arrhythmia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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