Optimal patterns of care in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Bonnie Martin-Harris*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

An intimate relationship exists between the physiological processes of respiration and swallowing at all levels of neuromotor control and peripheral function in healthy adults. Little is known regarding the potential alterations in these patterns in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), yet the impact of swallowing impairment and aspiration on the health outcomes of patients with COPD may be significant. COPD is a common comorbidity in patients with head and neck cancer and neurological disorders seen by swallowing clinicians, and warrants consideration during swallowing treatment. This article summarizes reports of alterations in the nutritional status, airway protective mechanisms, and swallowing efficiency that potentially contribute to or exacerbate the chronic and debilitating pul-monary condition. Care guidelines are given for modification of eating and swallowing behavior to optimize the health status of the patient with COPD. The need for controlled clinical trials for validation of the impact of these care guidelines on clinical outcomes is explained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)311-320
Number of pages10
JournalSeminars in Speech and Language
Volume21
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Dysphagia
  • Nutrition
  • Swallowing disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN

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