The selection of routes in a network along which to transport hazardous materials is explored, taking into consideration several key factors pertaining to the length of time of the transport and the risk of population exposure in the event of an incident. That travel time and risk measures are not constant over time and at best can be known with uncertainty is explicitly recognized in the routing decisions. Existing approaches typically assume static conditions, possibly resulting in inefficient route selection and unnecessary risk exposure. Several procedures for determining superior paths for the transport of hazardous materials in stochastic, time-varying networks are presented. These procedures and their extensions are illustrated systematically for an example application using the Texas highway network. The application illustrates the tradeoffs between the information obtained in the solution and computational efficiency, and highlights the benefits of incorporating these procedures in a decision-support system for hazardous material shipment routing decisions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering