Optimal scheduling of evacuation operations

Hayssam Sbayti*, Hani S. Mahmassani

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evacuations necessitated by extreme events are usually envisioned as taking place with all people evacuating simultaneously; this leads to premature congestion on the surface streets and excessive delays. With the evacuating load onto the network staggered, the onset of congestion may be delayed, and people can evacuate more quickly. In this study, the problem of scheduling evacuation trips between a selected set of origin nodes and (safety) destinations was considered, with the objective of minimizing network clearance time. A modified system-optimal dynamic traffic assignment formulation is proposed; in it the total system evacuation time, as opposed to the total system trip time, is minimized. An iterative heuristic procedure is used to solve this problem: the method of successive averages is used to find the flow assignments for the next iteration; a traffic simulator, DYNASM ART-P, is used to propagate the vehicles on their prescribed paths and determine the state of the system. Therefore, the simulator serves as a tool to satisfy the dynamic traffic assignment constraints implicitly while evaluating the objective function. The output of this model will be the departure time, route, and destination choices for each evacuee. The output is then aggregated to produce a time-dependent staging policy for each selected origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNetwork Modeling 2006
PublisherNational Research Council
Pages238-246
Number of pages9
Edition1964
ISBN (Print)0309099730, 9780309099738
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

Publication series

NameTransportation Research Record
Number1964
ISSN (Print)0361-1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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