Optimizing Behavioral Sleep Strategies

Jason C. Ong*, Charlene Gamaldo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Patients are increasingly looking to optimize sleep as a health and wellness strategy. Sleep health is often individualized based on three elements that correspond to overall physical and mental well-being: (1) sleep quality, which refers to the continuity and depth of sleep as well as a feeling of restoration upon awakening; (2) sleep quantity, which refers to the duration of sleep that is appropriate for a given age group; and (3) timing of the sleep window, which refers to the positioning of sleep that is aligned with an individual's circadian rhythm for sleep or an ideal circadian zone. In the past, prescribing hypnotic medications was considered the primary approach for improving sleep. However, there has been a recent paradigm shift to favor behavioral approaches, particularly in the case of insomnia where cognitive-behavioral therapy has been shown to have a more favorable benefit-to-harm profile than medications. The clinical vignette is presented here as a springboard for discussion regarding the latest evidence and efficacy for sleep behavior techniques and consumer monitoring devices developed to improve sleep health and awareness for clinicians to consider when educating their patients on maximizing sleep health behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1075-1081
Number of pages7
JournalCONTINUUM Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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