Ordered phases in Langmuir monolayers of an azobenzene derivative

M. K. Durbin*, A. Malik, A. G. Richter, C. J. Yu, R. Eisenhower, Pulak Dutta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


We have performed grazing incidence X-ray diffraction studies of Langmuir monolayers of an azobenzene derivative. There are only two phases over a range of temperatures and pressures in which at least seven phases exist in monolayers of simpler molecules (0-30 °C, 0-40 dyn/cm). The low-pressure phase has tilt toward a nearest neighbor, while the high-pressure phase has tilt toward a next-nearest neighbor. Within each phase the tilt angle does not change significantly with pressure. This behavior is very different from that of monolayers with saturated hydrocarbon tails and implies that the azobenzene groups 'lock' and prevent the molecules from sliding against each other. However, the lattice parameters change with pressure; this suggests that the molecular conformation changes. The structure of the low-pressure phase is similar to one observed in azo-derivative bilayer membranes and crystals, while the high-pressure phase has a structure not seen before in such systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-903
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 17 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Ordered phases in Langmuir monolayers of an azobenzene derivative'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this